Still, you might suppose of them as the fearsome seafaring soldiers who left their Scandinavian homes in hunt of wealth, raiding innumerous littoral spots along the way, If you ’re only casually familiar with the history of the Vikings.
Since history is generally written by the victors, maybe it’s no surprise that the Norsemen have been portrayed as savage heathens who plundered and despoiled their way across Europe.
But ancient archaeological spots and substantiation suggests that there’s a lot further to fearless comers than meets the eye.
Thanks to their superior shipbuilding chops, the Viking Age( from the late 8th to the late 11th century) saw Scandinavians expanding their service, trade, and artistic presence into the Mediterranean, Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia.
As a result, the Vikings left an unforgettable imprint on early medieval history, and in turn brought outdoors artistic influences back to their native lands.
Many Vikings are more well- known moment – over 1000 times after his death – than Erik the Red.
Born in Norway around 950AD and nicknamed for his hair/ beard color, Erik Thorvaldsson settled Greenland and sired one of the topmost Viking explorers of all time.
THE EARLY LIFE OF ERIK THE RED
As substantiated in the ancient Icelandic sagas about his adventures, Erik the Red was notorious for his fiery temper.
still, he may veritably well have inherited that particularity from his father, If history is any suggestion.
, Thorvald Asvaldsson, was expatriated from Norway around the time 960 for “ some killings. ”
So the entire family moved west to the Hornstrandir promontory, in northwest Iceland.
There they joined an established colony of Vikings who had fled Norway due to overcrowding and the iron- fisted rule of King Harald Fairhair(a.k.a. Harald I, the first king of Norway).
utmost Viking children were primarily raised by their maters
, helping with ménage chores. Boys like Erik were trained in munitions and combat chops from an early age.
They also shared in strength- structure sports similar as shaft- throwing, swimming, wrestling, fist- fighting, and gravestone- lifting.
By the age of 12 they were fairly considered to be grown-ups, allowed to choose whether they wanted to be a legionnaire, planter, trafficker, or pursue some other trade.
By the time 982, Erik had wed Tjodhilde and established a husbandry grange in the Dalasýsla region of western Iceland.
But not long after the couple had their first son, Erik killed a man known as Eyiolf the Foul for killing his slaves, also several other men during a property disagreement.
As a result, Erik was expatriated from Iceland for three times, so he headed west in hunt of new lands.
ERIK THE RED GOES TO GREENLAND
There’s a popular misconception that Erik the Red discovered Greenland. But the Icelandic sagas suggest other Vikings tried( unsuccessfully) to settle the country nearly a century before his appearance.
So Erik is more duly credited as the first endless European settler in Greenland, as well as the leader of its colonization.
According to the Saga of Erik the Red, he sailed around the southern tip of the country( now known as Cape Farewell) and up the western seacoast.
ultimately he reached an ice-free area whose majestic arms and green denes
held the pledge of substance and fertility.
After his exile ended, he returned home with grand tales of his adventures in the “ Green Land. ”
He chose the name designedly to make it sound more seductive than Iceland, where numerous Vikings had endured a shortage.
His salesmanship chops proved potent. In 985 Erik the Red left Iceland leading a line of 25 vessels containing around 500 men and women, domestic creatures, and other effects demanded to establish their lives in Greenland.
sorely, 11 of those vessels noway made it. But the survivors established tilling agreements in Brattahlið( Erik’s seat of power as chieftain, now known as Qassiarsuk) and farther north, near present- day Nuuk.
During summers, the men would head above the Arctic Circle to Arctic creatures similar as seals and walrus in Disko Bay.
By the turn of the renaissance, there were around Vikings living on 300- 400 granges.
Their society survived on Greenland for another 500 times before fading for reasons that remain unknown.
moment there’s a gallery in Narsaq, where a complete Viking longhouse believed to be Erik the Red’s first agreement was discovered, with an emotional endless exhibition on the early Viking settlers.
ERIK THE RED ’S SON, LEIF ERIKSON
Erik the Red is flashed back moment as a trailblazing Viking discoverer and the author of Greenland.
But he’s not the only member of his family who’s still celebrated in Scandinavia moment.
Tjodhilde and Erik’s alternate son, Leif Erikson, came back to Greenland after a long visit to Norway, where he’d been converted to Christianity by King OlafI.
He brought with him the first Christian missionaries.
Soon later they erected Tjodhilde’s Church in Brattahlið, making it the first Christian church on the North American mainland.
trippers to Greenland moment can visit a reconstruction of the small church in Qassiarsuk.
But “ Leif the Fortunate ” is best known as the first European ever to set bottom on the North American mainland.
Though it’s unknown how or why he ventured west, Erikson explored lands he called “ Helluland, Markland, and Vinland. ”
chroniclers believe that these may be the Canadian maritime areas now known as Baffin Island, Labrador, and Newfoundland.
In 1963, archaeologists exhumed further than ancient Viking bones in a agreement at L’Anse aux Meadows, in northwest Newfoundland.
numerous chroniclers believe that this – the oldest given European agreement in the New World – is evidence that Vikings discovered North America nearly 500 times before Christopher Columbus arrived.